AICHINGER, ILSE (1921– ), Austrian writer and lyricist, and author of radio plays. One of twin daughters born to a Jewish physician and a teacher, Aichinger spent her childhood in Linz and after the early divorce of her parents moved to Vienna. There she and her maternal relatives were confronted with the persecution of the Nazi regime. In her first publication, Aufruf zum Mißtrauen (1946), she cautioned against what she perceived to be a new and dangerous self-confidence in Austria after the collapse of Nazi rule. At an early age, she had expressed an interest in studying medicine, but she was unable to do so because of the Nuremberg Laws. At the end of World War II, she was able to pursue her interest in medicine, but dropped out of university in 1948 to complete her first novel, Die groessere Hoffnung (1948). The novel explores the angst and suffering of both the Jews and their pursuers during the Third Reich. The text reflects Aichinger's commitment to the weak and skepticism about the German language. After 1950, she was employed as a reader at the S. Fischer publishing house. In 1953 she married Guenter Eich, whom she had met at a conference of the "Gruppe 47," where she received an award for her Spiegelgeschichte. This is a piece of literary prose that narrates a reversed life with the attempt to unlearn everything including language and thus postulating silence. Aichinger's collection of narratives Rede unter dem Galgen was also published in 1953. In these narratives she examines a range of human emotions, including angst, alienation, paradox, and ambivalence. Aichingers lyric and narrative texts increasingly show the reduction of linguistic means focusing on subjectivity, thereby blending reality and dream, inner and outer world. Examples of these themes can be found in Eliza Eliza (1965), Schlechte Woerter (1976), Verschenkter Rat (1978) or Kleist, Moos, Fasane (1984). Aichinger also published a number of radio plays, including Knoepfe (1953), Besuch im Pfarrhaus (1962), Auckland (1970), and the radio dialog Belvedere (1995). These radio plays illustrate existential borderline experiences between assimilation and resistance. A later publication is Film und Verhaengnis: Blitzlichter auf ein Leben (2001), notes on films and photography which turn a spotlight on the cultural life of Vienna between 1921 and 1945. Aichinger's awards over the years include the Nelly Sachs-Preis, the Georg Trakl-Preis, the Franz Kafka-Preis, and the Joseph-Breitbach-Preis. She was a member of the Deutsche Akademie fuerr Sprache und Dichtung, the Akademie der Kuenste Berlin, and the Bayerische Akademie der Schoenen Künste. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: B. Thums, "Den Ankuenften nicht glauben wahr sind die Abschiede": Mythos, Gedaechtnis und Mystik in der Prosa Ilse Aichingers (2000); K. Bartsch, Ilse Aichinger (1993); S. Moser, Ilse Aichinger. Leben und Werk (1990); G. Lindemann, Ilse Aichinger (1988); D. Lorenz, Ilse Aichinger (1981). (Ann-Kristin Koch (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Aichinger, Ilse — ▪ Austrian author born Nov. 1, 1921, Vienna, Austria       Austrian poet and prose writer whose work, often surreal and presented in the form of parables, reflects her preoccupation with the Nazi persecution of the Jews during World War II.… …   Universalium

  • Ilse Aichinger — ( Viena, 1 de noviembre de 1921) es una escritora austriaca, conocida por haber relatado la persecución a la que se vio sometida por el nazismo debido a su origen judío. Contenido 1 Vida y obra 2 Obras 3 Enlaces externos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ilse Aichinger — (born 1 November 1921 in Vienna) is an Austrian writer, who is noted for her accounts of her persecution by the Nazis because of her Jewish ancestry. Life Aichinger was born in 1921 along with her twin sister, Helga, to a Jewish doctor (her… …   Wikipedia

  • AICHINGER (I.) — AICHINGER ILSE (1921 ) Née à Vienne le 1er novembre 1921, épouse de Günter Eich, Ilse Aichinger terminait sa scolarité au moment de l’Anschluss. Établie en République fédérale, elle ne cessera, dans son œuvre, de témoigner de cette déchirure. En… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Aichinger — Aichinger,   Ilse, österreichische Schriftstellerin, * Wien 1. 11. 1921; gehörte zur Gruppe 47, seit 1953 Ȋ mit G. Eich. Ihr erster Roman »Die größere Hoffnung« (1948) über das Schicksal eines halbjüd. Mädchens unter dem Nationalsozialismus trägt …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ilse Aichinger — (* 1. November 1921 in Wien) ist eine österreichische Schriftstellerin. Sie gilt als bedeutende Repräsentantin der deutschsprachigen Nachkriegsliteratur. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 1.1 Kindheit und Jugend 1.2 Studium und Schreiben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ilse Aichinger — est une romancière et poétesse autrichienne née à Vienne le 1er novembre 1921. Vie et travail Née d une médecin juive et d un professeur, Ilse grandit, après le divorce de ses parents en 1926, avec sa mère et sa sœur jumelle Helga chez sa… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Aichinger — ist ein deutscher Familienname. Folgende bekannte Personen tragen ihn: Alfred Aichinger (*1934), österreichischer Politiker Carl Friedrich Aichinger (1717–1782), deutscher Sprachforscher Daniel Aichinger (* 1974), deutscher Schauspieler Erwin… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ilse (Vorname) — Ilse ist ein weiblicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung des Namens 2 Verbreitung 3 Namenstag 4 Varianten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aichinger — is a surname and may refer to:* Gregor Aichinger (1564–1628), German composer * Ilse Aichinger (b. 1921), Austrian writer of Jewish origin* Clube Atlético Hermann Aichinger …   Wikipedia

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